Episode 15 – Red Seal Ships and the Mandate of Heaven

Before continuing Zheng Zhilong’s story, we take a moment to look at piracy in the Taiwan Strait and surrounding seas, briefly discuss two unlikely samurai and get an understanding of the Chinese concept of the Mandate of Heaven.

Painting from 1665 by Hendrik van Schuylenburgh, depicting the VOC factory in Bengal.
1866 illustration of William Adams.
From this story about his life
17th Century painting by an unknown Japanese artist depicting a Red Seal Ship.

For those interested in reading more about former Dutch colonies in Asia,
read more here.

For those interested in reading more about foreigners who became samurai,
read more here (but ignore the picture of Tom Cruise).

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